Risk Due To Chemicals In Food And Water





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risk due to chemicals in food and water The chance of injury or illness resulting from exposure to synthetic chemicals in FOOD. Logical and reasonable

decisions can be made when risks are identified and their magnitude assessed. In reality, no substance is absolutely safe and there is no risk-free environment, although modern technology and policies based on simple, rapid solutions to public health problems have nurtured this common expectation.

Risk estimates are averages of populations and are not designed for individuals. Epidemiology, the study of populations, has identified several large risks for chronic diseases. In the United States, HEART DISEASE is the number-one killer, accounting for 40 percent of all deaths (death rate is 265.9 per 100,000 people). Risk increases with age, family history of heart disease, OBESITY, high blood pressure, smoking, and excessive fat intake. CANCER is the number-two killer, with 25 percent of deaths. About 77 percent of all cancers are diagnosed in people who are age 55 or older. According to the American Cancer Society, one-third of all cancer deaths in 2002 (about l85,170) were related to poor nutrition and sedentary lifestyles; about 170,000 cancer deaths were related to tobacco use; another 19,000 were related to excessive alcohol use, often in combination with tobacco use.

Stroke is the third leading cause of death, killing more than 166,000 people annually (60.2 deaths per 100,000 people).

One problem inherent in assessing cancer risk is that the delay between exposure to a cancer-causing agent (CARCINOGEN) and development of cancer can be many years. The risk of disease also depends on an individual's health history and genetic predisposition. Deficiencies in primary health care, which especially affect pregnant women, fetuses, children, and low-income people, also increase disease and death risks. Stroke accounts for 6.9 percent of deaths (death rate of 61 per 100,000). Those at greatest risk are adults over 55, particularly over the age of 65. Risk increases with age, untreated high blood pressure, DIABETES, obesity, and smoking.

Technology has posed questions about the definition of a safe level of exposure to potentially harmful agents. Sensitive analytical techniques can now readily detect traces of contaminants in foods at levels unattainable in the 1970s. Contaminant levels at parts per billion and even parts per trillion can be detected in air, water, foods, and even

human milk. The long-term effects on health of chronic exposure to such low levels of multiple contaminants remain unknown.

Under the Food Quality Protection Act of 1996 the EPA is required to consider risks and benefits of agricultural chemicals. This act created a new safety standard for pesticides in food: a reasonable certainty of no harm.

Public perception of risk depends in part on the source of the risk, whether it is readily apparent, and the circumstances under which it appeared. Man-made hazards are less acceptable than natural (uncontrollable) causes. Perceived risk increases when there is no clear benefit and when the risk is unfamiliar. For example, a government agency can estimate that a pesticide may cause between 1 and 100 deaths per million; this risk may be perceived as unacceptable by some. On the other hand, traffic accidents kill about 42,000 Americans yearly (about 110 people a day) which is generally considered an acceptable modern-day risk.

Each approach to risk assessment presents strengths and weaknesses. A common experimental strategy in cancer risk assessment is based on examining cancer risk for rats and mice exposed to high levels of an agent in order to detect an observable effect. Applying these data to human populations involves assumptions that humans will behave in the same way as animals and assumptions that the effects of a low dose can be calculated from a high dose administered to the animals. Even more uncertainty is involved if comparisons are made on the basis of extreme toxicity. On the other hand, risks calculated in a similar way can be compared; thus the risk of consuming different types of carcinogens can be compared from historical data. Exposure to similar compounds can also be used as a basis of comparison. Risks of cancer due to various chlorinated hydrocarbons in chlorinated drinking water can be similarly compared.

Questions to Ask Regarding a Risk

• What is the absolute risk? Is it 1 per 1,000 or 10 per million? A tenfold increase in risk (a statement about relative risk) has different meanings in terms of the total numbers of people involved in each of these cases. Thus a tenfold increase in risk at 1 per 1,000 is 10 per thousand, or 10,000

people per million. A tenfold increase in risk at 10 per million is 100 people per million, meaning that far fewer people will be affected.

•   What is the likelihood of exposure? Risk increases with amount of exposure or dosage and duration of exposure.

•   What are the tradeoffs? For example, is it acceptable to use a pesticide that lowers food costs substantially, yet could increase the number of cancer deaths by one in a million? This would be an application of a so-called negligible risk standard. (See also GENETIC ENGINEERING.)


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#$ #4#$ # Questions about chemicals and pesticides?… #$ #5#$ # #$ #6#$ #
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…1] Not if the FDA and EPA are doing their jobs
2] For some of them, probably yes; for others, no.
3] It is not at all clear to me that there is any problem with…
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#$ #10#$ # Why does the the FDA allow aspartame to be used in products?… #$ #5#$ # #$ #6#$ #
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…To allow diabetic to enjoy sweet taste and indirectly certify a new product for marketing.It is a free choice market. I use aspartimane and like it. I know it c…
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…While I think it is a sound diet and would probably purify and cure up 50% of the world’s ailments, its not realistic for me. I do need some taste to my food. I…
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#$ #22#$ # After endless hours of researching betta fry care, have I got it right so far?… #$ #5#$ # #$ #6#$ #
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…-As long as you know when, just do it. Mix it in a bit with the new food and see if they eat it. As soon as they do then get rid of the old stuff.
-No, as long …
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#$ #33#$ # Is Your Water at Risk from Fracking? #$ #5#$ # #$ #6#$ # #$ #6#$ #
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Our drinking water is at risk from toxic chemicals that can leak in as a result of fracking. Join Food & Water Watch in doing something to protect our water.
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#$ #43#$ # Whole Foods Installs Eco-Safe Ozonated Water Sanitization Technology #$ #5#$ # #$ #6#$ # #$ #6#$ #
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Eco-Safe powered ozonated water destroys bacteria, viruses, parasites and mold that cause odor, illness, or death. On contact, ozone water kills Escherichia coli (E. coli), Staphylococcus aureus, Salm
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#$ #53#$ # Bisphenol A – Contaminating Your Food and Water #$ #5#$ # #$ #6#$ # #$ #6#$ #
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Bisphenol A (BPA) now linked to Male Infertility: www.telegraph.co.uk BPA link to Prostate Cancer: www.dailymail.co.uk BPA info: www.naturalnews.com Study finds Bisphenol A on money: thechart.blogs.cn
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#$ #63#$ # Uncovering Bisphenol A – Covert Depopulation #$ #5#$ # #$ #6#$ # #$ #6#$ #
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Bisphenol A (BPA) is a chemical building block that is used primarily to make polycarbonate plastic and epoxy resins. Use in some food and drink packaging, eg, water and infant bottles, compact discs,
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#$ #103#$ # Useful Suggestions About Arabian Ranches Investment – Forex #$ #5#$ # #$ #105#$ #
33% of the #$ #106#$ # food #$ #107#$ # bought in great britain was demonstrated to have measurable levels of pesticides and #$ #106#$ # chemicals #$ #107#$ # within them, and this was done by a scientist in the UK. #$ #106#$ # Chemical #$ #107#$ # substances that are employed for crop #$ #112#$ # … #$ #113#$ # A lot of these #$ #106#$ # chemicals #$ #107#$ # got into into the ground #$ #106#$ # water #$ #107#$ # tables, and really are contaminating everything. Distilled #$ #106#$ # water #$ #107#$ # might be a great #$ #112#$ # … #$ #113#$ # But let's keep going #$ #106#$ # due #$ #107#$ # to the fact we have some excellent tips for you to give serious attention. So even if you are taking lots of #$ #112#$ # … #$ #113#$ # #$ #6#$ #
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#$ #129#$ # Nanotechnology – A Threat to Our Health and the Environment … #$ #5#$ # #$ #105#$ #
In recent years, nanomaterials have been increasingly used in consumer products, from sunscreens to #$ #106#$ # food #$ #107#$ # containers, heralded for making disinfectants that bit more effective or helping to disinfect your socks and underwear. They have even #$ #112#$ # … #$ #113#$ # #$ #106#$ # Due #$ #107#$ # to the small number of nanomaterial registrations under REACH, the registration dossiers do not clearly identify the specific hazards and #$ #106#$ # risks #$ #107#$ # of these substances. There have #$ #112#$ # … #$ #113#$ # Find out more about ClientEarth's work on toxic #$ #106#$ # chemicals #$ #107#$ # . #$ #112#$ # … #$ #113#$ # #$ #6#$ #
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#$ #149#$ # 4 FOODS FOR … – Diabetes-Symptoms, Causes, Cures And Remedies #$ #5#$ # #$ #105#$ #
Eating the right #$ #106#$ # foods #$ #107#$ # can significantly lower your cancer #$ #106#$ # risk #$ #107#$ # . So make sure you fill up on the fruits, vegetables and teas listed in this article. Consuming these cancer fighting #$ #106#$ # foods #$ #107#$ # will boost your overall health and minimise your chances of #$ #112#$ # … #$ #113#$ # #$ #6#$ #
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#$ #163#$ # M E D I A T R I X: The Western Fall #$ #5#$ # #$ #105#$ #
It has been over a decade since our prediction that immigration, globalism, and multiculturalism would be the cause for a financial and democratic collapse #$ #106#$ # due #$ #107#$ # to its unsustainable outlook. #$ #112#$ # … #$ #113#$ # Meanwhile, the evil governments and corporations have given us a slew of toxic #$ #106#$ # chemicals #$ #107#$ # in our #$ #106#$ # food #$ #107#$ # and goods, oil spills and dumping in our oceans, nuclear power leaks in our air, #$ #106#$ # water #$ #107#$ # , and topsoil, pesticides and genetically modified crops replacing our #$ #106#$ # food #$ #107#$ # , all while lying about the dangers #$ #112#$ # … #$ #113#$ # #$ #6#$ #
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#$ #185#$ # Childbirth – China Water Treatment Chemicals – China Food and Feed Ingredients #$ #5#$ # #$ #6#$ # #$ #6#$ #
…h prior childbirth cultural ideas of childbirth and pain mobility during labour and the support given during labour One study found that middle eastern women especially those with a low educational background had more painful experiences during childbirth Pain is only one factor of many influencing women s exp…
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2011/11/58520_risk_due_to_chemicals_in_food_and_water_default